A public inquiry is a government-appointed commission that looks into matters of public interest. The commission’s job is to find facts, summarize them and make recommendations in a final report. It takes the process out of the hands of politicians for a proper independent review.
The inquiry could be modelled on the Charbonneau Commission, which looked into the awarding and management of public contracts in the construction industry in Quebec in 2011.
It is ultimately up to the government to implement the recommendations.