While much of this issue falls under Federal regulations, I expect the Kinder Morgan pipeline discussion to be a large part of the 2017 provincial campaign. On Sep 25, 2016, I had the opportunity to tour Syncrude and Conoco Phillips operations in Fort McMurray hosted by Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers (CAPP). It validated my reasons why we must not allow any pipelines to ship raw bitumen to our Coastlines. I was able to have a well received conversation with Syncrude President & CEO, Mark Ward and CAPP President and CEO, Tim McMillan. Compared to other oil producing countries such as Venezuela and Russia, the efforts to mitigate pollution in the Canadian oil and gas industry were evident. We were told this is an area where the industry, jointly, continues to invest in research and technology to improve environmental protection. I suggested that the Canadian oil and gas industry needs to press all levels of government to pressure the World Trade Organization and/or UN to set minimum global environmental protection standards in an effort to mitigate Climate Change and to level the playing field for industry trading partners. If we ship our raw bitumen to Asia and other markets where minimal or no environmental regulations and no protections for workers exist, we are simply enabling these countries to pollute and commit human right infractions. With the information we now know about global Climate Change, it does not matter WHERE polluting takes place, the effects are global. I also suggested that instead of shipping raw bitumen to other countries, we need to determine what products need to be made from this finite resource. We need to stop making things like clothes from plastic when there are so many other renewable resources in which we can make clothes. We need to use this finite resource to produce highly valued products, like medical grade plastic, right here in Canada. We were told it would cost $10B to construct the infrastructure required to enable us to separate the raw bitumen in order to produce products. So, I added up the costs of a number of proposed Canadian projects that this industry was/is prepared to spend to export our raw resource: • $6.8B Kinder Morgan/Trans Mountain Pipeline; • $15.7B Energy East Pipeline; • $7.9B Northern Gateway pipeline; • $9.24B Keystone XL pipeline. That works out to $39.64B – more than enough to build a "Separator" which will enable the manufacture of finished, high grade products for export. By doing this, we can maintain permanent jobs in Canada, providing solid economic benefits. We can also continue to expand industry environmental performance and, as perfected, export environmental protection technologies to world markets. In the meantime, when necessary, we can continue to use rail transport. I have two main reasons for supporting rail transport: 1) If a spill occurs, the volume of product is greatly limited, compared to pipeline spills; 2) as we phase out our use of fossil fuels, rail infrastructure can be used to transport many other products in comparison to pipelines that serve only one purpose, resulting in stranded assets. Most importantly, we need an elected government who will truly commit to foster and grow replacement clean, renewable, energy industries that will replace fossil fuel energy as we effect the managed decline of fossil fuel production.